Discrimination

Between the Lines: Identifying the Needs of LGBTQ Immigrants and Refugees in Southern Arizona

Exploring the Defeat of Arizona's Marriage Amendment and the Specter of the Immigrant as Queer

by Karma R. Chávez
2009
Southern Communication Journal

Arizona voters became the first in the United States to defeat a so-called marriage amendment, "Protect Marriage Arizona" (PMA), in 2006. Also that year, PMA joined four ballot measures targeting the rights of immigrants on the Arizona ballot. At the same time that these immigration measures overwhelming passed by 3-1 margins, PMA failed, making LGBT history. This essay argues that PMA failed in Arizona because the anti-PMA campaign, Arizona Together, used "straight-washing" and "white-washing" strategies. These strategies proved successful because immigrants have been positioned as the most "queer" and deviant group in Arizona. While such strategies may have garnered short-term success, in 2008, in a different political environment in regard to immigration, Arizonans approved a marriage amendment, showing the limitations of such politically expedient strategies.

To obtain a copy of this report, email the Institute for LGBT Studies with your request.

Arizona Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Health Needs Assessment

2006
Wingspan - Southern Arizona's Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Community Center

A History of Hate Motivated Violence Against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Communities in Southern Arizona

2006
Wingspan - Southern Arizona's Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Community Center